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Uganda’s year on year inflation jumped to 21.4 percent in August, the highest since February 1993 and almost three points higher than a month earlier, mainly due to a rise in food prices.
The Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) said the headline inflation rate climbed from a revised 18.8 percent in July, as the impact of a severely weak shilling currency added to inflationary pressures through imports.
The July figure had previously been given as 18.7 percent.
"During the month, food prices rose by 2.4 pct due to increases in prices of sugar, meat, chicken, fish, eggs, bread and pineaples… the increase in prices of these food items is mainly attributed to low supplies to the markets," UBOS said.
"In addition prices of some imported goods especially secondhand and new clothes, some household and personal goods went up mainly due to continued depreciation of the shilling."
Like other countries in the region, the east African nation has suffered from a sharp rise in inflation this year, accompanied by a weakening of its currency against the dollar. Reuters
For the study, 10 Kuroiler and 10 local chickens were distributed to each of 100 families in 5 districts of Uganda. As a control, 100 Kuroiler and 100 native chickens were also held in confinement at a facility in Entebbe. The Kuroiler eggs were sent from India while the local eggs were held in Entebbe for 6 days before setting. Kuroilers and native chickens were assessed for their survival, weight gain, egg production and acceptance by farmers.
The fertility and hatchability of Kuroiler eggs was significantly better than for native eggs, with 80 percent of Kuroilers successfully hatching compared with 47 percent of native eggs. Further, in four districts in Uganda where farmers received Kuroilers, the chickens showed a survival rate of 84 percent, comparable to that of indigenous birds. Body weight gain for Kuroilers was significantly higher as was their total body weight in adulthood – 3kg for male Kuroilers as opposed to 1.5-2.0 for native male chickens.
The most dramatic advantage of the Kuroilers however was their egg laying capacity, which outpaced native species in both village-scavenging settings and for chickens raised in confinement. Kuroilers delivered around 200 eggs annually compared with 40 for native species.
In summation; the study demonstrated that Kuroilers represent a 133 percent increase in meat production, and a 462 percent increase in egg production. These figures also point to a 341 percent increase in income for rural poultry farmers – often village housewives – an important stepping stone toward nutritional and economic security in this poor region.